No Malay race in the world, no Malay civilisation

https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/506475

Read . . . the above link can be accessed in full.

In the 1948 Constitution of Malaya, all her people including Indians and Chinese were listed as Malay.

Tunku changed it in the 1957 Constitution.

There’s no Malay race in the world, no Malay civilisation.

Check the definition of civilisation. Civilisation means contribution to the development of original thought.

India, for example, has sanatana dharma the eternal laws on eternal truths, karma and related areas, script, Sanskrit, medicine and surgery, mathematics and 1 to 9 and zero, arts, feng shui, astrology, astronomy, among others.

We can add Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism to the list.

The Definition of Malay in Article 160 is an artificial construct, an aberration in law, bad law, does not inherently exist. The Constitution is colour blind.

Malay in the Definition of Malay in Article 160 is not race.

Again, there’s no Malay race in the world, no Malay civilisation.

The Malay language, based on Cambodian, Tamil, Sanskrit and Pali, was the lingua franca of the Archipelago, was originally written in Indian script.

True, many kingdoms in the Archipelago used the Malay language but the rulers were from many races having their own mother tongues. The “Malay” kingdoms used the Malay language as the lingua franca.

The Definition of Malay in Article 160 is confined to Malaya and Singapore. (The Definition of Malay in Singapore before and/or after independence from Malaysia in 1965 is under Article 152).

Briefly, the 2nd Prong of the Definition reads that (a) Muslims, able to speak Malay, and born before Merdeka in Malaya or Singapore, or born of parents one of whom was born in Malaya or Singapore, or is on that day (i.e. Merdeka) domiciled in Malaya or Singapore are Malay; and (b) the issue of such a person i.e. in (a) is Malay.

Obviously, the Definition was about creating a form of identity for Muslims from different races in Malaya and Singapore who are governed by the Merdeka cutoff deadline.

Given the construction of the 2nd Prong, on what basis does the 1st Prong refer to Malay culture, customs and traditions, when Malay in the 2nd Prong is not race but a form of identity for the Muslims concerned?

There’s case law in Malaya that states that the Definition of Malay in Article 160 is not race but anthropology.

Palm Oil (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd v. Che Mariah Mohd Tahir (Trading as Delta Mec Enterprise) [1994] 3 CLJ 638.

If the Definition of Malay in Article 160 is about Anthropology, it would not be governed by the Merdeka cutoff deadline.

It would also not include Muslims from different races from outside the Archipelago.

If it’s anthropology, Islam which came from a place far away, i.e. from Gujerat in western India, would not be mentioned in the Definition.

Clearly, the said case law does not stand.

Anthropology in the Archipelago covers paganism and animism and an ancient form of Hinduism.

It cannot be said to cover the Abrahamic religions or the Indic religions like Buddhism, Jainism, Ananda Marg, Sikhism or a way of life like Sanatana Dharma, or Hinduism as in the collection of local practices which varied from place to place in India and elsewhere.

Malay as a form of identity in Article 160 is a contradiction in terms with Islam being a form of identity for Arabs in Saudi.

The Definition of Malay, in Article 160, as a form of identity inherently does not exist since Islam is a form of identity for Arabs in Saudi.

Islam, we learn from history, was created by the 3rd Caliph as a form of identity for Arabs i.e. the people in the Saudi peninsula. He codified the first Quran from sacred Christian texts in Aramaic and other sources.

It appears that the words Islam, Mohd and Quran did not appear during the first 300 years of the religion. There’s no evidence the jury is out on the issue.

There’s no reason for non-Arabs to subscribe to Islam unless they can be accepted as Arabs.

Those Arabs who are not Muslims are Christians who abandoned paganism and animism and reportedly an ancient form of Hinduism and later, no doubt Buddhism.

Chinese by race, Malay by identity . . .

Those who convert to Islam after Merdeka, in Singapore and Malaya, are not Malay.

Chinese, for example, who converted to Islam in Singapore or Malaya before Merdeka are Chinese by race and Malay by identity.

There’s no Malay blood and tanah tumpah darahku in Article 160.

Mahathir from Kerala claimed, not so long ago, that “except for spoonfuls of blood (Indian), otherwise I am Malay”.

Mahathir is Indian (Malayalee) by race and blood, and Malay by identity.

Read further here . . .

https://fernzthegreat.wordpress.com/2020/01/04/chinese-by-race-in-spore-malaya-malay-by-identity/

In Singapore, Malays can leave Islam and still remain Malay.

Jawi, if not preserved, will be lost forever . . .

Having an Education Ministry results in endless politicking and politicisation.

Utusan Melayu, in Jawi, closed down decades ago.

Jawi is a dead script. In any case, Unesco will support efforts to revive and preserve the script. Bahasa Kebangsaan should be written at least partly in Jawi.

Khatt, Islamic calligraphy, should be confined to Muslim students.

Jawi, based on Farsi and Arabic, replaced the Indian script originally used by the Malay language as the lingua franca of the Archipelago.

Under Article 152, Rumi is the official script for bahasa kebangsaan.

Except for Vietnam, all countries in mainland southeast Asia use the Indian script . . . Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos.

In Vietnam, the French introduced Roman letters.

Again, Jawi replaced the Indian script in the Archipelago, before being replaced by Roman letters.

Read further here . . .

https://fernzthegreat.wordpress.com/2020/01/04/bahasa-kebangsaan-should-be-written-at-least-partly-in-jawi/

Unesco will support efforts to revive and preserve the Jawi script.

No Malay Civilisation . . .

There’s no Tamadun Melayu.

Civilisation means contribution to the development of human thought.

Malay is not civilisation.

The only civilisations in history are Egypt, Mayan/Inca, Sumeria/Mesopotamia, Indus Valley/Indian, Chinese, Greek, Roman, and western.

Some historians add Persia as well.

The Islamic Age was not civilisation.

No Malay race in the world, no Malay civilisation . . .

Malay in the Definition of Malay in Article 160 is not race.

There’s no Malay race in the world, no Malay civilisation.

The Malay language, based on Cambodian, Tamil, Sanskrit and Pali, was the lingua franca of the Archipelago, was originally written in Indian script.

Sabah and Sarawak . . .

Sarawak Malays (Orang Laut/Kirieng), and the Indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak, are under Article 161A which makes no reference to religion. The Article states that only the Indigenous people are Native.

Barunai are also known as Brunei Malay.

Except for the Barunai, there are no Malays in Sabah. There might be Malays in Sabah and Sarawak who originated from Singapore or Malaya under Article 160.

The Philippines claim to Sabah only covers southern EssZone, and by extension, northern EssZone.

Brunei denies handing over the right to collect toll along the main waterway in northern EssZone to the Sulu Sultan.

The Philippines claim to parts of Sabah is riverine, not territorial.

Muslim sultanates in the Archipelago were not territorial.

It was the British, for example, who made the sultanates in Malaya territorial.

Negrito (Semang) . . .

Negrito (Semang) came to Malaya from Kerala, southwest India, 40, 000 years ago. Negrito went from east Africa to India 70, 000 years ago.

The descendants of the Negrito still live in the mountains in Kerala.

Kanis, Uralis, Kadar, Kanikkar, and Paniyar, the major tribes who inhabit the mountains of Kerala, are descendants of the Negrito.

The Negrito are still there in Malaya. They are still there in Sumatra, south Thailand, Myanmar and the Philippines. They came from Malaya.

The Negrito have been assimilated in Borneo.

Austronesians only appeared in history about 6, 000+ years ago.

The Tamils from southeast India were the first people in Malaya after the Negrito from Kerala, southwest India.

The people of southeast Asia, south China and Taiwan are descended from Dravidians from south India who went to south China and mated with the Mongoloid tribes there.

These Mongoloid tribes were descended from Dravidians in Afghanistan who entered south China.

There are no longer any pure Dravidians or pure Aryans in the Indian subcontinent.

Read further here . . .

https://fernzthegreat.wordpress.com/2020/01/04/people-reject-rogues-scoundrels-running-amok-in-malaya/

Waytha Moorthy & Co can’t make use of Indians in Malaya, just like the “neverr minde” MIC buggers, for their own benefit.

https://fernzthegreat.wordpress.com/2019/12/30/hadi-awangs-malays-malay-world-do-not-exist/

There’s no Malay race in the Definition in Article 160.

Author: fernzthegreat

Joe Fernandez holds a honours degree in management, majoring in economics, and has opted from academia in law to being a jurist. He was trained professionally on the job as a journalist. He's a longtime Borneo watcher, keen on the history and legal aspects of Malaya's presence in Sabah and Sarawak. He teaches the English language privately and has emerged as a subject matter expert in public examination techniques.

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